There are probably dozens of tips regarding landscape photography. Every photographer will have his own set of practices he swears by. I came up with the six I believe will be most useful for you to improve this kind of photography: three regarding equipment, and three regarding technique. Enjoy!
Most, if not every landscape photographer will tell you that owning (and using) a tripod is essential to getting quality images. A great part of your photography will require a low shutter speed. Without a tripod, you won’t be able to stabilize your camera in these conditions. So, invest in a good tripod now and save yourself some grief later.
2. Polarizer filter
A polarizer filter is a safe addition to a landscape photographer’s equipment. It reduces reflections on water and other surfaces such as metal and glass, makes the skies more dramatic and the overall mood of you image will be more vibrant. The filter will reduce the amount of light that enters your camera, so be sure to adjust the exposure accordingly.
3. Wide Angle Lens
The usual rule of thumb is to use a wide angle lens for landscape photography (less than 50mm). The reason is obvious: we want to capture as much of the scene as possible, and these lenses do it perfectly, capturing more than you can see with the naked eye. That being said, you can photograph with a telephoto lens, if you want to capture a particular detail of a landscape. But, as a general rule, stick with a wide angle lens.
Depth of field is simply how much of the image is in focus. In landscape photography, you should aim to have as much of the image in focus as possible. That way, you’ll be able to see the detail from foreground to background. A large depth of field is achieved by using a small aperture.
5. Time of Day
There are two times of day photographers consider optimal for landscape (and really, all kinds of) photography: sunrise and sunset. The minutes before the sun rises or sets have a quality of light that you won’t find at any other time of day. So, if you are a morning person set your alarm clock early and head out. If you’d rather sleep in, go for the beautiful light of the setting sun. These two kinds of light are different, the morning one being cooler and the evening one warmer.
There is little that puts me off more than seeing a crooked horizon line in a photograph. It’s like the world is about to slide overboard. This is where a tripod comes in handy. You can adjust the camera so that the horizon is aligned. It doesn’t have to be in the center of the frame. In fact, most of the times it shouldn’t. If you can’t (or forget to) align while photographing, at least use the ruler tool on Lightroom or Photoshop to fix this problem.
I hope you enjoyed these tips. If you’d like to master the art of landscape and nature photography be sure to click here and check this post out next.